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Name: ALFONSO IX Determine relationship to...
Birth: 15 AUG 1171 Zamora, Leon, Spain Father: Mother:
Married: BERENGUELA Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
Children Born Died
Alfonso de Molina of Castile 1272
Married: Agnes de MENDOZA ?; mistress
Children Born Died
Married: BERENGUELA Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
Children Born Died
BERENGUELA of Leon ABT 1199 Leon, Spain ABT 1245 Spain
Constanza of Castile 1200 1242
FERNANDO III of Castile 5 AUG 1201 ?; of Leon, Leon, Spain 30 MAY 1252 Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain
Leonor of Castile 1202 1244
Death: 24 SEP 1230 Villaneuva de Sarria, Lugo, Spain
Remarks: King of Leon from 1188 to 1230, son of Ferdinand II of Leon and cousin of Alfonso VIII of Castile (next to whom he is numbered as a junior member of the family). A forceful personality, Alfonso IX was determined to recover Leonese territory lost to Castile; and, despite the fact that he had done homage to Alfonso VIII, he did not hesitate to ally himself with the Almohads to further this end. As a result, his kingdom was placed under papal interdiction, and he was finally compelled to marry the Castilian king's eldest daughter. He refused, however, to join his father-in-law in the crusade against the Almohads in 1212 unless the lost lands were first restored by Castile. This was not done and the Leonese army was, therefore, absent from Las Navas de Tolosa. Nevertheless, operating on his own, Alfonso IX won important victories beyond the southern frontiers of Leon, taking Cáceres (1227) and Mérida and Badajoz (1230) from the Almohads. These victories opened the road for a future reconquest of Seville.

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