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Name: Drusus Claudius Nero Germanicus Determine relationship to...
Birth: 38 BC in Rome Father: Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Mother:Livia Drusilla
Christening:
Married: Antonia Minor
Children Born Died
Livilla 12 BC 031 AD
Tiberius Claudius Nero Germanicus August 1, 10 BC in Lyon (Lugdunum), Gaul October 13, 0054
Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus 15 BC in Rome 0019 in Antioch, Syria (poisoned)
Death: Oct 9, 9 BC in Lugdunum (Lyon), Gaul; fall from horse
Burial:
Remarks: Emperor Caesar Augustus (Octavian) forced Tiberius Drusus Nero to divorce Livia so he, Augustus, could marry her. She was a valuable political wife, though apparently they spent 52 happy years together. At the time Livia married Augustus, she was 6 months pregnant with Tiberius Nero's third child, Nero Claudius Drusus, so within three months was delivered of Drusus, (the father of Emperor Claudius Caesar), who had at first the praenomen of Decimus, but afterwards that of Nero; and it was suspected that he was begotten in adultery by his step-father [Augustus]. The following verse was immediately in every one's mouth: "Nine months for common births the fates decree; But, for the great, reduce the term to three." Tiberius has remained the recognized birth father of Nero Drusus and in terms of succession of the empire, Augustus did not recognize him as biological son. Infact Livia's children were adopted by Augustus after their father's death in 33 BC and it was the elder son, Tiberius Claudius Nero, Nero Drusus' brother, who became Emperor following Octavian Augustus.

Nero Drusus, during the time of his being quaestor and praetor, commanded in the Rhaetian and German wars, and was the first of all the Roman generals who navigated the Northern Ocean. He made likewise some prodigious canals beyond the Rhine, which to this day are called by his name. He overthrew the enemy in several battles and drove them far back into the depths of the desert. Nor did he desist from pursuing them, until an apparition, in the form of a barbarian woman, of more than human size, appeared to him, and, in the Latin tongue, forbade him to proceed any further. For these achievements he had the honour of an ovation and the triumphal ornaments. After his praetorship, he immediately entered on the office of consul, and returning to Germany, died of disease, in the summer encampment, which thence to Rome by the principal persons of the several municipalities and colonies upon the road, being met and received by the recorders of each place, and buried in the Campus Martius. In honour of his memory, the army erected a monument, round which the soldiers used, annually, upon a certain day, to march in solemn procession, and persons deputed from the several cities of Gaul performed religious rites. The senate likewise, among various other honours, decreed for him a triumphal arch of marble, with trophies, in the Appian Way, and gave the cognomen of Germanicus to him and his posterity. In him the civil and military virtues were equally displayed; for, besides his victories, he gained from the enemy the Spolia Opima, and frequently marked out the German chiefs in the midst of their army, and encountered them in single combat at the utmost hazard of his life. He likewise often declared that he would, some time or other, if possible, restore the ancient government. On this account, I suppose, some have ventured to affirm that Augustus was jealous of him and recalled him; and because he made no haste to comply with the order, took him off by poison. This I mention, that I may not be guilty of any omission, more than because I think it either true or probable, since Augustus loved him so much when living that he always, in his wills, made him joint-heir with his sons, as he once declared in the senate; and upon his decease extolled him in a speech to the people, to that degree, that he prayed the gods "to make his Caesars like him, and to grant himself as honourable an exit out of this world as they had given him." And not satisfied with inscribing upon his tomb an epitaph in verse composed by himself, he wrote likewise the history of his life in prose. He had by the younger Antonia several children, but left behind him only three, namely, Germanicus, Livilla and Claudius.
SOURCE: The Lives of the Twelve Caesars, C. Tranquillus Suetonius, The Translation of Alexander Thomson, R. Worthington, New York (1883)

Emperor Caesar Augustus (Octavian) forced Tiberius Drusus Nero to divorce Livia so he, Augustus, could marry her. She was a valuable political wife, though apparently they spent 52 happy years together. At the time Livia married Augustus, she was 6 months pregnant with Tiberius Nero's third child, Nero Claudius Drusus, so within three months was delivered of Drusus, (the father of Emperor Claudius Caesar), who had at first the praenomen of Decimus, but afterwards that of Nero; and it was suspected that he was begotten in adultery by his step-father [Augustus]. The following verse was immediately in every one's mouth: "Nine months for common births the fates decree; But, for the great, reduce the term to three." Tiberius has remained the recognized birth father of Nero Drusus and in terms of succession of the empire, Augustus did not recognize him as biological son. Infact Livia's children were adopted by Augustus after their father's death in 33 BC and it was the elder son, Tiberius Claudius Nero, Nero Drusus' brother, who became Emperor following Octavian Augustus.

Nero Drusus, during the time of his being quaestor and praetor, commanded in the Rhaetian and German wars, and was the first of all the Roman generals who navigated the Northern Ocean. He made likewise some prodigious canals beyond the Rhine, which to this day are called by his name. He overthrew the enemy in several battles and drove them far back into the depths of the desert. Nor did he desist from pursuing them, until an apparition, in the form of a barbarian woman, of more than human size, appeared to him, and, in the Latin tongue, forbade him to proceed any further. For these achievements he had the honour of an ovation and the triumphal ornaments. After his praetorship, he immediately entered on the office of consul, and returning to Germany, died of disease, in the summer encampment, which thence to Rome by the principal persons of the several municipalities and colonies upon the road, being met and received by the recorders of each place, and buried in the Campus Martius. In honour of his memory, the army erected a monument, round which the soldiers used, annually, upon a certain day, to march in solemn procession, and persons deputed from the several cities of Gaul performed religious rites. The senate likewise, among various other honours, decreed for him a triumphal arch of marble, with trophies, in the Appian Way, and gave the cognomen of Germanicus to him and his posterity. In him the civil and military virtues were equally displayed; for, besides his victories, he gained from the enemy the Spolia Opima, and frequently marked out the German chiefs in the midst of their army, and encountered them in single combat at the utmost hazard of his life. He likewise often declared that he would, some time or other, if possible, restore the ancient government. On this account, I suppose, some have ventured to affirm that Augustus was jealous of him and recalled him; and because he made no haste to comply with the order, took him off by poison. This I mention, that I may not be guilty of any omission, more than because I think it either true or probable, since Augustus loved him so much when living that he always, in his wills, made him joint-heir with his sons, as he once declared in the senate; and upon his decease extolled him in a speech to the people, to that degree, that he prayed the gods "to make his Caesars like him, and to grant himself as honourable an exit out of this world as they had given him." And not satisfied with inscribing upon his tomb an epitaph in verse composed by himself, he wrote likewise the history of his life in prose. He had by the younger Antonia several children, but left behind him only three, namely, Germanicus, Livilla and Claudius.
SOURCE: The Lives of the Twelve Caesars, C. Tranquillus Suetonius, The Translation of Alexander Thomson, R. Worthington, New York (1883)


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